Gynaecology is the branch of medicine that deals with the health of female organs, including ovaries, the uterus and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist can help women with issues involving their menstrual cycle, sexuality or reproductive health, including pregnancy and maternity care.
A gynecologist can also diagnose conditions that affect the rectum, bladder or urethra and can treat them. They can treat conditions such as fibroids, endometriosis and ovarian cysts, as well as pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes pain or swelling of the cervix.
How to Become a Gynaecologist
To become a gynecologist, you must earn a medical degree. This usually involves earning a bachelor’s degree and then passing the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). You can then get into medical school and spend 4 years training to be a doctor.
Then, you must complete a residency program to gain experience with preventative care and diagnostics, before deciding on a specialization area. Some gynecologists specialize in general gynecology, while others specialize in specific aspects of women’s health such as contraceptive methods, pregnancy and obstetrics.
Your first appointment with a gynecologist will include a standard exam that tests your reproductive health and may involve a pap smear, an STD test or breast exams. They will also check for signs of cancer and other conditions affecting your reproductive system, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, cervical cancer or endometriosis.
You’ll also need to answer some basic questions about your medical history and current symptoms. These will help your gynecologist to determine what treatment options might work for you.
In some cases, gynaecology Melbourne might perform surgery to fix a problem with a woman’s reproductive system or to remove abnormal cells or tissue. This can be done through laparoscopic surgery or other types of procedures.
During an IVF procedure, IVF clinics melbourne could use a device called a speculum to open your vaginal walls and collect cells from the cervix. This will allow them to look for infection and other health issues like HPV.
The speculum is a duck-bill-shaped tool that enables them to see the entire vaginal wall. They can also look at the lining and collect tissue samples to test for infections or cancers.
You should make an appointment for a gynecologist as soon as you suspect there might be a problem with your menstrual cycle or your body’s ability to conceive. This will ensure your doctor can address any immediate concerns and start you on a regular plan for achieving your goal of pregnancy.
What You Need to Know About Gynaecology
Your gynecologist will want to know how your last menstrual period (LMP) came about and what the cause of your fertility problems was. They might ask you for your age, weight, family history of infertility or any other information they can use to pinpoint your exact problem.
They will also ask about any previous IVF treatments you’ve tried or any other medical problems you have had. This is to make sure they’re not dealing with an underlying issue that may have affected your success in conceiving through IVF.