There are a few things you can do to help ease the pain of bunions. A good way to treat bunions is by wearing shoes that are roomy and fit well around your feet. You can also get splints that keep your big toe straight and reduce pressure on it.
A doctor can determine whether you have bunions by performing a physical exam and X-rays. He or she can also recommend nonsurgical treatments, such as splints and shoe inserts, which may reduce the pain of bunion deformities. If these don’t relieve your bunion symptoms, he or she can refer you to a podiatrist or orthopaedic surgeon for further treatment options.
Medications for bunions
Your bunion clinic Adelaide may prescribe pain-relieving medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve the pain and swelling of bunions. They are usually available over-the-counter, and if necessary, they can be taken along with an ice pack to speed recovery.
Soaking your feet in warm water can help to improve blood flow and relax the muscles and joints in the foot. You can also use a heating pad on your bunion to ease discomfort.
Walking barefoot as much as possible is another good way to reduce pain and prevent bunions from developing. This also helps to stretch and strengthen the muscles in your feet.
Avoiding activities that increase your bunion pain and discomfort are important as well, such as standing for long periods of time or playing contact sports. You can also wear special socks that are designed to cradle and support your feet, including the bunion-affected area.
Taking steps to prevent bunion formation are also recommended, such as wearing shoes that have enough room in the toe box and avoiding shoes with high heels or pointed toes. You can also buy soft bunion pads that you place between the big toe and second digit to protect them from pressure.
A healthy diet can also have a beneficial effect on your bunion symptoms. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and limit foods high in salt, sugar, fats and alcohol.
Bunion surgery is a surgical procedure that removes the bunion and realigns your bones so that your big toe fits properly into the other toes. It is not a cure for the condition, and it does not fix other issues that may be causing your bunions, such as arthritis or flat feet.
Your healthcare provider will explain the procedure and give you all the information you need to make an informed decision about surgery. He or she may also order blood tests and other diagnostic tests to help determine the cause of your bunion deformity.
Preparing for bunion surgery
Most patients can go home after bunion surgery, but some are required to stay in the hospital or clinic until they heal. The length of your recovery depends on the type of surgery you have, and the amount of follow-up care that is needed.
Before the operation, you will be asked to take a sedative so that you are comfortable and do not feel any pain. Your anesthesiologist will be with you during the surgery to administer any other medication, if necessary.